Feb 20 2018 0

Gustavo Paulo Duarte says he is "with a lot of expectation" on the road package ' ´

The ANTRAM-National Association of Public Road freight Carriers are worried about the possible implementation by the European Union, the so-called ' Road ' Package, which provides, among other things, that the companies with drivers shifted in other Member States have to pay them the minimum wage in those countries during the days in which there remain.

In an interview with "economic life" in Berlin, on the sidelines of a visit to Portuguese fruit and vegetable exhibitors at the fair Fruit Logistica, Gustavo Paulo Duarte, President of ANTRAM, was clear-cut: "the international cross-border transport. Crosses countries and we are strictly against the applicability of the regime of the cross-border detachment ".

Economic Life – How is the implementation of the so-called ' Road ' Package, in particular on the respect of the wage leveling of drivers of international transport by countries where salaries?

Gustavo Paulo Duarte – We're a little behind. The ' Road ' Package was created by the European Union to try to regulate a situation that had to do with the fact that some countries are creating laws that we understand as protectionist. We are in Europe, with free movement of people and it is a country to say ' If your drivers want to come through here have to pay him the minimum wage of our drivers '. Now, we have to understand that the minimum wage is intended to bridge the difference in cost of living in this country. In Portugal, the minimum wage is set on values that is [EUR 580] because we have a cost of living lower than France. A Portuguese driver doesn't have to, because I'm in France, be remunerated for the cost of French life. Because he has the woman in Portugal, have the children in a school in Portugal, pays an income in Portugal, buying things on supermarket in Portugal.
But this has been happening in France, in Germany, in Belgium with the ban on overnight stays in squad cars. Require that any driver sleep in a cabin of a car when a cab of a truck is better than 80% of hotels of road in Europe. Have been adopted these laws, which we understand as protectionist. And the European Community realized that there was a lot of complaint of countries who suffer the most, especially those who have a lower cost of living and, for your time, lower salaries, and decided to create a ' Road ' Package. Try-if there is the understanding of all countries to the redefinition of the rules of international transport.

VE – So called ' Road ' Package is much more than the salaries leveling drivers?
GPD – Yes. The ' Road ' Package does not speak only on the issue of salaries and secondment of the people. Of course it's great theme, but there's also the matter of car hire vehicles and other emerging issues that have come from some time ago. Tried to make a package to help clarify the international transport.

VE -But the matters relating to salaries are the most sensitive, isn't it?
GPD – This is the heaviest of all. Is one in which there is no consensus, in which there are extreme positions, in three or four countries want and all the others do not want to.

VE -And what has been the position of Portugal?
GPD -Portugal has been a very active country by ANTRAM, has done much work with the European Commission. We listen to you in the European Parliament. We are terminantemenete against. And the rule is this: the applicability of deployment in international transport. I consider that the international cross-border transport. Cuts across countries. I'm not going to do work for those countries. I'll eventually to France, unload in France, I load in France and come away. I'm not the one who enters the day 1:00 pm France with a discharge, works 30 days in France, go to Belgium on day 31, back in the day 1 and continues over 30 days. That's not what Portugal does, that's not what the Portuguese international transport sector does. This is a practice typical of Eastern European countries, where motorists are months working in a country like France. Now, we are strictly against the applicability of the regime of the detachment. I'm even cross-border. Those who know Portugal and the Portuguese know well the difficulties today of drivers. Therefore, drivers of our industry won't be a month in France. Do not want to be. Therefore, we, given our nature, not put us way to these working methods.

VE – If this legislation comes into force, what consequences will there be?
GPD -I hope the ' Road ' Package come to clarify and soften the laws of the countries, including France, Germany and Belgium. The ' Road ' Package will be an instruction to countries on how to carry out and also to limit that potential protectionist measures. We are in a great expectation on the ' Road ' Package to realize what's coming and what will impact on our industry.

VE -Anyway, what's on the table, the materialise, will represent an increase of wage costs for transport companies, then, will pass on to their customers. This is how?
GPD -Having regard to the ' Road ' Package will be an understanding between you and whoever, all this will have to do with values. And these values will be clearly superior enough to those who are today. We're going to have to figure out how our customers react. Unfortunately, Portugal exports very low added value products. No export computers, or valuable raw materials. Export fruits, wines, etc. And the impact of export costs that will arise can derail the same export. We have to figure out how this will work in the near future.

Setting a maximum time of permanency in foreign territory

The European Commission made public the 31 May 2017 the contents of the named ' Road ' Package, which set out eight legislative initiatives which aim to promote sustainable mobility, competitiveness and social justice.
Among the proposals on the table is the revision of the Posting Directive, which establishes a special regime for this sector and the setting of a maximum time of permanence in the foreign territory of three days over a period of a month, which, for ANTRAM , is "manifestly insufficient". In the case of cabotage, regardless of your length, this will entail the application of the regime always posting and, as such, the need to respect national legislation existing in the Member States on the national minimum wage.
There are also changes with regard to driving and rest times, with the express prohibition of regular weekly rest period on the vehicle. At the same time it is proposed that, within the space of a month, motorists enjoy two regular weekly rest periods and reduced weekly rest periods, and can be enjoyed without being in alternation.
The ' Road ' Package also provides for the implementation of electronic payment systems in the highways, market access and access to the profession, the legal regime of the ' rent ' position in the international arena, the CO2 emission and the cooperation of Member States in the supervision.

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